In 1992, the Sardar Sarovar
Punarvasvat Agency (SSPA) was constituted
for implementing the Resettlement and
Rehabilitation(R&R) activities of
the Sardar Sarovar Project Affected
Families (PAFs) in Gujarat. While implementing
the activities, SSPA recognized that
resettlement and rehabilitation are
two different issues. Resettlement is
more concerned with the change in geographical
location and the provision of basic
infrastructure in the new habitat, Rehabilitation
is more concerned with the empowerment
of PAFs, so that they can get assimilated
and prosper in their new settlements.
SSPA is responsible for effective
and efficient R&R of the Project
To complete the R & R process
on the top of most priority
within the time frame "
PAFs to be resettled as family group,
groups of families or as entire village,
in accordance with their preference,
to the extent possible.
PAFs to be provided adequate physical,
educational, social and economic infrastructure.
improve the agricultural production,
income generating capacity and living
standards of PAFs as compared to the
levels prior to their displacement.
to be planned and implemented as a development
be integrated socially and economically
with the host communities.
In order to achieve this, SSPA’s rehabilitation and
resettlement efforts are being implemented
as a development programme. It has established
various cells with clear agenda so that
a holistic and sensitive approach to
R&R is possible.