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 About SSPA

Assimilation into the mainstream
   
 


The resettlement and rehabilitation process in
Gujarat has endeavored to retain the culture of the tribal PAFs, while at the same time ensuring that they have assimilated successfully in the new resettlement sites. SSPA has tried to protect the social customs, lifestyle and culture of the communities by following the cluster and village approach to resettlement. However, it has also simultaneously tried to play a proactive role in the resettlement process so that their basic quality of life sees an improvement.  

Preserving Tradition 

For the purpose of resettlement, the PAFs are at liberty rehabilitated in a relocation site exclusively formed for them or have been annexed to a village that has already existed. The community approach to resettlement has helped retain the social fabric of the traditional ethnic groups and has prevented their disintegration.  In terms of the house construction, the PAFs have been free to construct their houses according to their traditional designs. Since the resettlement is done collectively, the tribal communities are also able to preserve their social rituals and functions, and observe their own festivals.  

Resettlement and Host Village

While shifting the PAFs to the new sites, the Gujarat government has adopted a unique strategy that ensures that the PAFs and the neighboring existing communities from the host village live without any social discord. It has bought the land for resettlement from owners who are willing to sell land at the market price through its land purchase committee. By not engaging in any kind of coercive methods for land procurement, SSPA has been instrumental in creating a harmonious relationship between the host village and the resettled communities.

Vasahat Samiti and Punarvasvat Sathi

For a meaningful integration of the R&R sites with the mainstream, Vasahat Samitis (Site Committees) have been constituted in a large number of the sites. Each of these committees comprise of elected PAPs, one of which is female. The actual number of committee members depends on the size of the resettlement site. The Extension Officer is the convenor and an NGO representative is an invitee member of the Samiti. The tenure of the members is three years. 

The role of the committee is to resolve minor problems as and when they arise at the site. It secures informed participation of the PAFs in the site affairs and also undertakes minor repair and cleaning work.

The Vasahat Samiti in each site selects one of its members as the Punarvasvat Sathi. This person acts as the mediating agency between the PAFs and the SSPA, government and the panchayat machinery. He is also involved in the quick redressal of grievances.  

Better integration of the PAFs with the host village is ensured through Govt. of Gujaratís order (Section 98 of the Gujarat Panchayat Act, 1993), wherein it is stipulated that there will be one or two PAF invitees in the village panchayat within whose territorial jurisdiction the R&R sites are situated.

 

 
 
 
     
   

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